The GNI Working Group is comprised of 15 highly accomplished, multidisciplinary international professionals with policy expertise in energy, nuclear, climate change, and security issues. Members represent the United States, Europe, Middle East, and Asia. They have unique backgrounds, professional experience, and a demonstrated commitment to finding creative solutions to challenging global problems. Throughout the project, the Working Group will be supplemented by additional subject area and regional experts to provide fresh ideas and new perspectives.
GNI is a joint initiative of the Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI) and Partnership for Global Security (PGS). PGS and NEI believe that today’s complex global challenges and political realities demand a new level of real-world collaboration among innovative and non-traditional partners.
Global energy consumption is expected to grow by 56% by 2040, and world population is projected to reach 9 billion by 2050. This growth is occurring at a time when major greenhouse gas reductions are required to achieve the international community goal of limiting temperature increases to below 2 degrees Celsius. International policymakers are struggling to find the right solutions which simultaneously maintain growth, meet energy demand, and mitigate the risks of climate change.
Approximately 1.3 billion people live without access to electricity the vast majority of whom reside in Sub-Sahara Africa and Asia. Impeded access to reliable and cost-effective energy affects every aspect of a society’s ability to develop and is crucial in the provision of healthcare, sanitation, food production, and education. Developing countries must be able to meet their escalating energy needs, and new energy production must be as clean, affordable, and safe as possible.
Driven by concerns about energy security and greenhouse gas emissions, more countries are pursuing the development of low-carbon energy sources. Nuclear power and renewable energy technology will play an increasing role in global electricity production. In 2012, nuclear power accounted for 10.9% of the world”s electricity production. Today, more than 60 new nuclear power reactors are under construction in 15 countries, and by 2030, up to 10 new countries may be operating nuclear power programs.
If nuclear power is going to be a significant contributor to successfully addressing climate change, how do we manage the expansion of nuclear facilities and materials, including their spread to new, less stable regions in a way that maximizes safety and security and builds international confidence?
Today’s interdependent global environment necessitates innovative approaches to addressing transnational challenges. The interrelationships among climate change, energy security, and global security are becoming increasingly evident: each issue cuts across national borders, has significant economic and social impacts, and requires input from a full spectrum of stakeholders. These similarities mean it is critical that policies which aim to address them be coordinated across issue areas and at the national, regional, and global levels.
While engaging in a series of workshops and small meetings, the GNI will produce a series of short policy memos that describe the primary challenges and offer recommendations for addressing them. These memos will feed into a cumulative, comprehensive report on the GNI projects findings and recommendations that will be published at the end of the project in early 2017.
Our objective is to create a transparent and productive process that generates realistic and actionable recommendations for policymakers. The final report will reflect workshop outcomes and the viewpoints of the Working Group members, not artificial consensus or ideological preconceptions.